What to Know About an Irrevocable Funeral Trust?

irrevocable funeral trust
Death is an inevitable part of life, and preparing for it financially is a responsible step that can ease the burden on loved ones left behind. One such option for planning ahead is an Irrevocable Funeral Trust (IFT). This trust serves as a way to set aside funds specifically for funeral expenses, ensuring that your final wishes are carried out and relieving your family of the financial stress during a difficult time.In this guide, we’ll explore the specifics of IFT, discussing what they are, what expenses they cover, their benefits and drawbacks, how to purchase them, alternatives available, and the key differences between revocable and irrevocable funeral trusts. Let’s get started!

What is an Irrevocable Funeral Trust?

An IFT is a legally binding arrangement created during an individual’s lifetime to set aside funds specifically designated to cover funeral and burial expenses after their passing. This trust is deemed “irrevocable” because once it’s established and funded, its terms cannot be altered or revoked.The funds placed within this trust are reserved solely for funeral-related costs and are typically inaccessible to the individual or their family until the time of death. This financial tool serves the purpose of ensuring that there are dedicated funds available to cover various expenses associated with funerals, burials, or cremations, thereby relieving the family of the financial burden during a challenging and emotionally taxing period.Moreover, Irrevocable trust for funeral expenses can serve as a strategic tool for Medicaid planning, enabling individuals to spend down assets in a manner that doesn’t jeopardize eligibility for Medicaid coverage of long-term care expenses.expenses covered by irrevocable funeral trust

What Expenses Are Covered by Irrevocable Funeral Trust?

An IFT typically covers a spectrum of expenses directly related to funeral arrangements and end-of-life services. These expenses encompass various aspects of the funeral, burial, or cremation process. Here are some common costs covered by an IFT:

1- Funeral Service Expenses

This includes costs associated with the services provided by the funeral home, such as the viewing, ceremony, and the assistance of funeral directors.

2- Burial or Cremation Costs

Funds can be allocated for purchasing a burial plot, urn, casket, or cremation services, covering the expenses associated with the interment or cremation process.

3- Embalming and Preparation

Costs related to embalming, dressing, and preparing the deceased for viewing or burial.

4- Transportation Expenses

Funds can be used for the transportation of the deceased to the funeral home and subsequently to the burial or cremation site.

5- Miscellaneous Expenses

These may include other incidental costs, such as floral arrangements, obituary notices, memorial services, and related administrative expenses.It’s important to note that the specific coverage and eligible expenses may vary depending on the terms outlined in the individual’s IFT agreement and the regulations set forth by the trust provider.

Benefits and Drawbacks of an Irrevocable Funeral Trust

Let’s have a look on the advantages and disadvantages of an IFT:


  • Financial Security: Provides a dedicated fund to cover funeral expenses, ensuring that your final wishes are carried out without burdening your loved ones with the financial responsibility.
  • Medicaid Planning: Allows individuals to spend down assets in an acceptable manner, potentially preserving eligibility for Medicaid coverage of long-term care costs.
  • Asset Protection: Assets held within the trust may be protected from creditors and often bypass the probate process, ensuring that these funds are used solely for funeral-related expenses.


  • Irrevocability: Once the trust is established and funded, it cannot be altered, amended, or revoked. This lack of flexibility may pose challenges if circumstances change.
  • Limited Use of Funds: The funds within the trust are designated solely for funeral-related expenses, restricting their utilization for other purposes.
  • Medicaid Eligibility Rules: Medicaid rules regarding trusts vary by state and may impact eligibility. It’s crucial to consider potential implications on Medicaid qualification before setting up an Irrevocable trust for funeral expenses. 

How to Buy an Irrevocable Funeral Trust?

Purchasing an IFT involves several steps, ensuring the trust is set up correctly and aligns with your specific preferences and needs. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to buy an IFT:

1- Research and Consultation

Begin by researching reputable providers offering IFTs. Seek advice from financial advisors, estate planning attorneys, or trusted sources to understand available options.

2- Select a Provider

Choose a licensed and trustworthy provider experienced in offering IFTs. Ensure they are well-regulated and compliant with relevant laws and regulations.

3- Create the Trust Agreement

Work closely with the chosen provider to establish the trust agreement. This involves outlining the terms, beneficiaries, and specific details of the trust.

4- Fund the Trust

Transfer the funds or assets designated for the Irrevocable trust for funeral expenses into the trust account as per the terms agreed upon. This might involve cash, investments, or life insurance policies, depending on the provider’s requirements.

5- Documentation and Record-Keeping

Keep thorough records of all documents related to the trust, including the trust agreement, funding details, and any communication or instructions provided by the trust provider.

6- Regular Review and Updates

Periodically review and update the trust as needed to ensure it aligns with any changes in your circumstances or preferences.It’s crucial to approach the establishment of an Irrevocable trust for funeral expenses with careful consideration and to seek guidance from professionals to ensure it suits your unique financial situation and end-of-life planning goals.

What are the Alternatives to Irrevocable Funeral Trusts?

Several alternatives exist for those considering end-of-life financial planning aside from IFTs. These alternatives offer different features and considerations that individuals may find more suitable based on their preferences and circumstances.Here are some notable alternatives:
  • Revocable Funeral Trusts

Unlike irrevocable trusts, these trusts allow modifications or revocation after they’ve been established. However, this flexibility might impact Medicaid planning benefits.
  • Life Insurance Policies

Final expense or burial insurance policies specifically cover funeral costs. They provide a death benefit that can be used by beneficiaries to cover funeral expenses. However, they might not offer the same asset protection as a trust.
  • Prepaid Funeral Plans

Some individuals opt to directly prepay a funeral home for services and merchandise. While this option ensures specific arrangements are paid for in advance, it may lack the asset protection and flexibility that a trust provides.Each alternative comes with its own set of advantages and limitations. Evaluating these options in line with personal financial goals, the desire for flexibility, asset protection, and specific end-of-life preferences is crucial when deciding the most suitable method for funding funeral expenses.

Revocable vs Irrevocable Funeral Trust

Understanding the differences between Revocable and Irrevocable trust for funeral expenses is essential when planning for end-of-life expenses. Here’s a breakdown of the key distinctions:

Revocable Funeral Trust

  • Flexibility: This type of trust allows modifications, alterations, or revocation by the individual who established it, providing more control over the trust terms and assets.
  • Impact on Medicaid: While offering flexibility, revocable trusts may affect Medicaid eligibility, as assets within the trust could be counted when determining eligibility for Medicaid coverage of long-term care costs.
  • Potential Tax Considerations: Revocable trusts might be included in the individual’s taxable estate, potentially affecting estate taxes.

Irrevocable Funeral Trust

  • Inflexibility: Once established and funded, an IFT cannot be altered, amended, or revoked, ensuring that the designated funds are solely for funeral-related expenses.
  • Medicaid Planning: Often used for Medicaid planning, as assets in an irrevocable trust might be excluded from Medicaid asset calculations, aiding in eligibility for Medicaid coverage.
  • Asset Protection: Assets in an irrevocable trust may be shielded from creditors and bypass the probate process, ensuring they are utilized for intended funeral expenses.
Choosing between these trusts depends on individual preferences, financial circumstances, and goals. Revocable trusts offer more flexibility but might impact Medicaid eligibility, while irrevocable trusts provide asset protection and Medicaid planning benefits but lack flexibility once established

Irrevocable Funeral Trust Medicaid

IFT can play a crucial role in Medicaid planning for individuals requiring long-term care. Here’s how an IFT can intersect with Medicaid:

Medicaid Eligibility and IFT

  • Asset Spend-Down: Medicaid eligibility often has strict asset limits. An IFT allows individuals to allocate funds for funeral expenses, potentially reducing countable assets to meet Medicaid’s asset threshold.
  • Exclusion of Trust Assets: Assets placed in an irrevocable trust may be excluded from Medicaid asset calculations, preserving eligibility for Medicaid coverage of long-term care costs.
  • Penalty Period Consideration: Transferring assets into an IFT might incur a penalty period wherein Medicaid eligibility is delayed. It’s important to plan and execute trust funding strategies considering Medicaid’s look-back period and penalty rules.

Benefits and Considerations

  • Preservation of Funds: By allocating assets to an IFT, individuals secure dedicated funds for funeral expenses while potentially maintaining Medicaid eligibility for essential long-term care coverage.
  • Irrevocable Nature: The inability to modify an IFT once funded ensures that the assets are safeguarded for funeral expenses, aligning with Medicaid’s requirements for asset exclusion.

State-Specific Regulations

Medicaid rules concerning trusts, including IFTs, vary by state. Each state has its guidelines regarding asset eligibility, trust provisions, and Medicaid planning strategies. Seeking guidance from an experienced attorney or Medicaid planner well-versed in your state’s regulations is crucial to navigate the complexities and ensure compliance with Medicaid rules.

The Bottom Line

An Irrevocable Funeral Trust can offer peace of mind by ensuring that your funeral expenses are covered and easing the financial burden on your loved ones. However, its irrevocable nature and specific usage of funds require careful consideration before setting it up. It’s essential to research thoroughly, seek professional advice, and evaluate alternatives to determine the best approach for your end-of-life planning.