Understanding Life Insurance Collateral Assignment And How To Use It

Life Insurance Collateral Assignment

The word “life insurance collateral assignment” is frequently used in the industry, although most people have no idea what it refers to. Worse yet, your bank may have required one as part of your SBA loan application. Is it available from the top ten life insurance companies? Is it more expensive to do it?

This post will go over the fundamentals as well as critical elements that you should be aware of before purchasing life insurance to secure a business loan. We’re here to assist you in making sense of it all.

Collateral Assignment Life Insurance

If you’re reading this, you’ve probably been told that you might need to acquire a life insurance policy to help you secure a loan. We’ll tell you everything you need to know about life insurance so you can make an informed decision.

Securing A Business Loan By Purchasing Life Insurance

Perhaps you’re nearing the finish of a small business loan application when your lender says, “You need life insurance before we offer you a loan.” You only want a basic loan, but they’ve informed you that you’ll require company life insurance.

You may need a loan from the Small Business Administration (commonly known as SBA) or your bank if you own a small business. In order to cover and protect the loan amount, your lender may ask you to get a life insurance policy. This is when the SBA or bank may require you to obtain a collaterally assigned life insurance policy.

A loan’s approval is based on many factors.

  • First, it specifies how you intend to repay the loan if you pass away. This is where having a life insurance policy assigned comes in handy.
  • It’s a useful feature that guarantees the lender that the borrowed monies will be repaid. As a result, a lender is more likely to approve your loan request.
  • You can assign your life insurance policy as long as there are no restrictions in your contract that prevent you from doing so.
  • You can even allocate the same policy to multiple banks in order to get various loans.

An assignment can be used to transfer some or all of the proceeds of a policy to an assignee. Fundamentally, the assignment is subject to the lender’s and borrower’s consent and talks.

Definition of a Life Insurance Collateral Assignment

A collateral assignment is a common transaction involving both financial institutions and private lenders.

When you get a life insurance policy, you must always name a beneficiary who will receive the benefit if you die.

A common life insurance policy’s beneficiary is a family member or spouse. The collateral assignment on a life insurance policy works similarly.

Your beneficiary will still be your choice, but your lender will be the collateral assignee. If you die, your lender will be the principal beneficiary of your life insurance policy, and the balance of your debt will be reimbursed. Your true primary or contingent beneficiary would get the remaining balance of your life insurance policy.

Types of Collateral Assignment Policies

What kind of insurance should you get for your collateral loan?

For instance, there is no such thing as a “Collateral Assignment” policy. For your collateral assignment, you can buy a Term Life or Permanent Life insurance policy. Check with your lender to discover what kind of insurance they demand.

If the insurance company approves an assignment for that specific form of life insurance policy, any policy will suffice for a collateral assignment.

What Are The Different Types Of Life Insurance Policies That Are Used For Collateral Assignment?

Let’s look at which sort of life insurance can help you achieve your objectives.

Term Life Insurance

Term life insurance is the most affordable type of life insurance. A term policy can be used to secure your loan in the case of your death, and it is required for various types of bank loans.

This insurance will offer you the highest death benefit for the least amount of money. Term policies do not have a financial value attached to them.

The following are the most popular term lengths:

  • 10-year term life
  • 15-year term life
  • 20-year term life
  • 30-year term life

You’re purchasing coverage that only pays out in the event of your death. A term life insurance policy is the most cost-effective coverage option.

Several lenders just require the loan for a specific time period that corresponds to the loan’s requirements. In other words, a one-year annual renewable term, a five-year term, or even a ten-year term life insurance policy may work in some cases.

After the debt has been returned, the policy can be canceled or remain in force to safeguard your family.

Permanent Life Insurance

Permanent life insurance covers you for the rest of your life. Permanent life insurance provides a death payout as well as the ability to accumulate monetary value.

What Are The Different Types?

Permanent life insurance comes in a variety of forms. The following are the most common:

The collateral is the cash value of permanent life insurance, which can be either entire or universal. If a permanent life insurance policy has a specified cash value, the lender can use those funds to repay the debt if the borrower defaults. To preserve the collateral, the insurance owner has limited access to the cash value.

If the debt is paid up before the borrower’s death, the assignment is revoked, and the lender loses access to the life insurance death benefit.

In contrast to an absolute assignment, which essentially transfers the insurance as-is with no way to reverse it, a collateral assignment is a more limited type of transfer.

If you die before repaying a debt, the lender receives the sum owed through the death benefit. The leftover balance is subsequently distributed to the remaining beneficiaries. The policy must remain current, so make sure you pay the premiums on time during the loan’s term.

Moreover, in order to protect the collateral, you won’t be able to access the cash value (if you have a universal or whole life policy).

If you repay the loan before you die, the lender will no longer be the beneficiary and will not receive the death benefit. Lenders like cash value assignments since the funds can be re-acquired without the borrower dies.

The cash value life insurance company must be informed of a policy’s collateral assignment, but they have little influence or involvement in the transaction aside from keeping the contract terms up to date.

With a collateral assignment, do I have to name a beneficiary?


With a collateral assignment, you don’t want your lender to be the beneficiary. Your life insurance policy should have one or more beneficiaries named.

There are a few assignments, though, that you should be aware of. The two primary types of policy assignments are conditional and absolute.

You give the specified assignee complete ownership of the life insurance policy with an absolute assignment. This includes the obligation for the assignee to pay any outstanding premiums.

In other words, you’re handing over control of the policy to the new owner.

This arrangement is temporary with a conditional assignment. The life insurance policy’s ownership interest and rights are limited and transmitted according to the conditions of the agreement. The repayment of a debt is an example of a conditional assignment. Once the agreement’s terms have been completed, the assignment ends.

The Beneficiary Shouldn’t Be Assigned To The Bank

If the bank asks you to make them the beneficiary, you should decline.

If you die with only a portion of your loan paid off, the bank will get the remaining sum because they are the beneficiary, and no will may override that arrangement.

Please don’t let this happen. A collateral assignment is all that banks require.

As a result, if the amount owed on your loan decreases, so does the amount received by the bank.

If a $750,000 loan is carried out on a collateral assignment and only half of the loan is returned, the collateral assignment will only provide the bank with the remaining loan amount. The remaining funds will be distributed to the principal beneficiary.

It will be sent to your estate if no other beneficiaries are named. Don’t hand over all of your money to the bank. The collateral assignment reduces the benefit of being in sync with your loan.

Collateral Assignment Precautions

When it comes to acquiring a life insurance coverage for a business loan, there are a few things to keep in mind.

Do you owe money on your loan?

If this is the case, your primary beneficiary (family or spouse) will not get the full amount of your life insurance policy’s death benefit. Keep in mind that the benefit goes to your lender, who uses it to pay off the debt. Whatever is left will be given to your chosen recipient.

It’s possible that your life insurance policy will determine whether you acquire a loan or not.

It’s possible that you won’t be able to get a small business loan unless your life insurance policy is authorized first. This can be a challenging moment because your lender may need you to obtain a policy as soon as possible, which may limit the sorts of plans you can obtain.

The value of time cannot be overstated.

There are no medical exam life insurance options if you need a policy right away. These policies can be granted considerably more quickly than those that need a medical examination.

A Simple Example

Assume you’ve purchased a one-million-dollar term life insurance policy.

You’ll need to look into banks that accept life insurance as collateral for a $500,000 loan – the loan secured by a life insurance policy – at some point.

You’ll use a collateral assignment on the policy for partial collateral. The primary beneficiary of your life insurance policy is your spouse.

When you die, your wife and the bank file claims with the insurance company for the death benefit. The bank is due money, and that takes precedence over what your spouse would be entitled to. Priority is given to the bank (also known as the collateral assignee).

As a result, they’ll be compensated before the rest of the death benefit is distributed to the recipients (your spouse, in this instance).

A Real Collateral Assignment

Someone just approached us about purchasing a business in less than a month.

To cover her bank loan, the bank requested a $5 million life insurance policy. We conducted research and processed her application with the provider that offered the best pricing. Time was of the essence, so we were able to set up the medical exam swiftly and get the underwriting process started.

The client, however, was concerned about cutting it too close and wanted to get coverage in place as soon as possible, even if the pricing was not the greatest. We simply switched to the fastest collateral assignment business and had the policy issued by one of the life insurance companies that are renowned for approving policies faster than the industry average.

Collateral Assignment Accepted by Lenders?

Several lenders may accept a current life insurance policy as collateral for a loan. Other lenders may request a fresh life insurance policy in order to meet their requirements. Regardless, utilizing life insurance as collateral to get a loan is a routine procedure for almost all insurance companies.

To begin, make sure you have a loan. Visit your bank to find out what their requirements are and what kinds of loans they offer. The Small Business Administration backs most loans, which big banks sell, including Chase, Wells Fargo, and Bank of America. Small banks, of course, are also available.

Are you ready to get coverage as quickly as possible?

If you have any concerns regarding collateral assignment life insurance or how to get the best and most cheap coverage, please get in touch with us.

We can assist you if you require a life insurance collateral assignment.

We’ll be pleased to answer all of your questions so you can acquire your coverage as soon as possible and at the best possible price. Life Insurance Blog provides access to the quickest life insurance providers and can help you pick the one that best suits your needs.

Thank you for taking the time to read our Collateral Assignment Life Insurance article. Please leave a comment or a question in the space provided below.